Koha Tuning Guide

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See also the article about performance.

MySQL tuning

# The MySQL database server configuration file.
# You can copy this to one of:
# - "/etc/mysql/my.cnf" to set global options,
# - "~/.my.cnf" to set user-specific options.
# One can use all long options that the program supports.
# Run program with --help to get a list of available options and with
# --print-defaults to see which it would actually understand and use.
# For explanations see
# http://dev.mysql.com/doc/mysql/en/server-system-variables.html

# This will be passed to all mysql clients
# It has been reported that passwords should be enclosed with ticks/quotes
# escpecially if they contain "#" chars...
# Remember to edit /etc/mysql/debian.cnf when changing the socket location.
# Here is entries for some specific programs
# The following values assume you have at least 32M ram

# This was formally known as [safe_mysqld]. Both versions are currently parsed.
# * Basic Settings
# * Fine Tuning
key_buffer		= 2000M
max_allowed_packet	= 16M
thread_stack		= 128K
thread_cache_size	= 8
# This replaces the startup script and checks MyISAM tables if needed
# the first time they are touched
myisam-recover		= BACKUP
max_connections        = 500
max_user_connections        = 500
#table_cache            = 64
thread_concurrency     = 300
table_cache            = 30000
open_files_limit       = 65000
#innodb_force_recovery =6

# * Query Cache Configuration
query_cache_limit       = 50M
query_cache_size        = 300M
# * Logging and Replication
# * InnoDB
# InnoDB is enabled by default with a 10MB datafile in /var/lib/mysql/.
# Read the manual for more InnoDB related options. There are many!
# You might want to disable InnoDB to shrink the mysqld process by circa 100MB.

Apache configuration

Add that to your configuration file.

<IfModule mod_gzip.c>
   mod_gzip_on yes
   mod_gzip_dechunk yes
   mod_gzip_keep_workfiles No
   mod_gzip_can_negotiate yes
   mod_gzip_update_static No
   mod_gzip_temp_dir /tmp
   mod_gzip_minimum_file_size 512
   mod_gzip_maximum_file_size 1000000
   mod_gzip_maximum_inmem_size 1000000
   mod_gzip_handle_methods GET POST
   mod_gzip_item_exclude reqheader "User-Agent: .*Mozilla/4\..*\["
   mod_gzip_item_exclude mime ^image/.*
   mod_gzip_item_exclude rspheader Content-Type:image/*
   mod_gzip_item_include file \.js$
   mod_gzip_item_include mime ^application/x-javascript$
   mod_gzip_item_include file \.php$
   mod_gzip_item_include mime ^text/html$
   mod_gzip_item_include file \.css$
   mod_gzip_item_include mime ^text/css$

 <IfModule mod_deflate.c>

   # Compress content with type html, text, and css, ...
   AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/plain text/html text/xml text/css
   AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/xml application/xhtml+xml application/rss+xml application/javascript application/x-javascript

   DeflateCompressionLevel 9

   # Properly handle old browsers that do not support compression
   BrowserMatch ^Mozilla/4 gzip-only-text/html
   BrowserMatch ^Mozilla/4\.0[678] no-gzip
   BrowserMatch \bMSIE !no-gzip !gzip-only-text/html

   DeflateFilterNote Input instream
   DeflateFilterNote Output outstream
   DeflateFilterNote Ratio ratio

   LogFormat '"%r" %{outstream}n/%{instream}n (%{ratio}n%%)' deflate
   <IfModule mod_headers.c>
     #properly handle requests coming from behind proxies
     Header append Vary User-Agent
 SetOutputFilter DEFLATE
 SetEnvIfNoCase Request_URI \.(?:gif|jpe?g|png)$ no-gzip

<FilesMatch "\.(jpg|gif|png|css|js$)$">
  ExpiresDefault "access plus 7 days"
  Header set Cache-Control "public"
<FilesMatch "\.(pl|html?)$">
  Header set Pragma "no-cache"
  Header set Cache-Control "no-cache, must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0"
  Header set Expires 1

To enable Apache modules gzip, deflate, expires and headers in Ubuntu:

 sudo a2enmod gzip deflate expires headers

Reduce CPU usage of webcrawlers: robots.txt

Ona typical installation just:

cd /usr/share/koha/opac/htdocs/ # Or on /var/lib/koha/INSTANCE/
sudo nano robots.txt

And add (source):

Crawl-delay: 60

User-agent: *
Disallow: /

User-agent: Googlebot
Disallow: /cgi-bin/koha/opac-search.pl
Disallow: /cgi-bin/koha/opac-showmarc.pl
Disallow: /cgi-bin/koha/opac-detailprint.pl
Disallow: /cgi-bin/koha/opac-ISBDdetail.pl
Disallow: /cgi-bin/koha/opac-MARCdetail.pl
Disallow: /cgi-bin/koha/opac-reserve.pl
Disallow: /cgi-bin/koha/opac-export.pl
Disallow: /cgi-bin/koha/opac-detail.pl
Disallow: /cgi-bin/koha/opac-authoritiesdetail.pl

Check at <yourserver>/robots.txt

See also